In this blog post, I will report on another serious case of plagiarism from India. I have recently found that Divvela SRINIVASA Rao and Kilaru Gowthami from the Lakireddy Balireddy College of Engineering in Mylavaram, India have plagiarized my work in a journal paper.
The paper that contains plagiarism is this one:
Divvela SRINIVASA Rao and Kilaru Gowthami (2017)Discovering Periodic high-utility item sets from transactional databases. IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) e-ISSN: 2278-0661,p-ISSN: 2278-8727, Volume 19, Issue 4, Ver. III (Jul.-Aug. 2017), PP 33-42
Here is a screenshot of the title and abstract of the paper:
In that paper, Divvela SRINIVASA Rao and Kilaru Gowthami copied text, algorithm and figures from my paper and claimed to have proposed the PHM algorithm， which was I proposed a year before at the Indust. Conf. On Data Mining 2016 conference. The paper of Rao and Gowthami is very poorly written. It contains many typos and errors and the figures and tables are blur as they did screenshots to copy some of them. The paper was published in a journal named IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE) by a publisher called IOSR journals. The fact that they have accepted such poorly written paper containing plagiarism raises question about the quality of journals from that publisher. Actually, I have never heard about that publisher before.
Who is Divvela SRINIVASA Rao?
He is an Indian person apparently working as Sr.Assistant Professor at the Computer science and Engineering (CSE) Department of the Lakireddy Balireddy College of Engineering (LBRCE) in Mylavaram, India. Here is a picture of Divvela SRINIVASA Rao from his ResearchGate profile:
It is to be noted that it is that has uploaded the plagiarized paper to ResearchGate from his account (https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Divvela_Rao ) :
The website of the Lakireddy Balireddy College of Engineering (LBRCE), where Divvela Srinivasa Rao works is http://lbrce.ac.in/:
From the website of the university, we can find the CV of Divvela Srinivasa Rao ( firstname.lastname@example.org ):
Thus, Divvela Srinivasa Rao has been working for that college since 2014.
Another plagiarized paper by Divvela Srinivasa Rao
Is that the only paper that was plagiarized by Divvela Srinivasa Rao? Actually not. By looking at the ResearchGate page of D.S. Rao, we can find that in a 2016 paper he plagiarized another paper. The paper containing plagiarism is:
Rao, Divvela Srinivasa, and V. Sucharita. “Maximum Utility Item sets for Transactional Databases Using GUIDE.” Procedia Computer Science 92 (2016): 244-252.
Here is a screenshot:
In that paper Divvela Srinivasa Rao and V.Sucharita claimed to have proposed the GUIDE algorithm. But again, this is plagiarism because that algorithm was proposed several years earlier by Brian Shie et al. from Taiwan in that paper:
Shie, B.E., Philip, S.Y. and Tseng, V.S., 2012. Efficient algorithms for mining maximal high utility itemsets from data streams with different models. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(17),
And it is quite interesting, that I left a comment in 2016 on that paper by Divvela Srinivasa Rao on ResearchGate to indicate that it contains plagiarism to other people who may read it. And Rao, just ignored the comment and answered by asking questions about how to do research, like if he did nothing wrong. （https://www.researchgate.net/publication/306067553_Maximum_Utility_Item_Sets_for_Transactional_Databases_Using_GUIDE?tab=comments ):
After that I did not answer, of course and he did not remove the paper either. And then, he even plagiarized my paper. This shows that this researcher has no shame in plagiarizing the papers of other people.
Who is Kilaru Gowthami?
The other author of the 2017 paper is Kilaru Gowthami who has now graduated from the Lakireddy Balireddy College of Engineering (LBRCE) according to his LinkedIn page:
There is not much information about Kilaru Gowthami on the Internet. He seems to just be a student. However, did he take advantage of the plagiarized paper to graduate? This is an interesting question.
About the Lakireddy Balireddy College of Engineering (LBRCE)
It is the first time that I heard about this college so I decided to read about it. I checked the college website and found that the Chairman and founder of this college is Lakiredd Bali Reddy, a wealthy man living in the United states ( http://www.lbrce.ac.in/chairman.html ). But this does not tell the whole story. By reading Wikipedia ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakireddy_Bali_Reddy ), we find that he is a convicted felon. He has spent about 8 years in jail in the US from about 2000 to 2008 for human trafficking, transportation of minor for sexual activity and immigration fraud. He is a also a registered sex offender in the US. It find it very surprising that the LBRCE college still carry the name of Lakireddy Bali Reddy, even after he was convicted of human trafficking and jailed.
What will happen?
On 2018-02-09 ,I sent an e-mail to the dean (Dr. CH. V. Narayana), principal ( Dr. K.Appa Rao) and vice-principal (Dr. K.Srinivasa Reddy ) of the LBRCE colllege where D.S. Rao works to report this serious case of plagiarism. I am thus waiting for their answer to how they will handle this serious case of plagiarism. Hopefully, they will take appropriate action, and will also ensure that the plagiarized papers are retracted from the journals.
This is unfortunately not the first time that my papers are plagiarized by researchers from India. Although there are many excellent Indian researchers, there is an issue with plagiarism in smaller universities. Here are three other recent examples of cases of plagiarism from India that I have reported:
- Plagiarism by K. Raghu Naga Dhareswararao, T. Kishore
- Plagiarism by Bhawna Mallick and Kriti Raj at Galgotias College of Engineering & Technology
- Plagiarism at Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology by Nasreen Ali A and Arunkumar M
For some of these cases, I have contacted their affiliated college several times, and some ignored the problem and let these people work in their college as if nothing happened. This is quite incredible. I think that the government of India need to do something more to try to eradicate plagiarism in colleges, as there are quite many cases from my experience. But maybe that it is not something easy to do. Hopefully, the situation can be improved.
That is all for today! I just wanted to write about this to make sure that this case of plagiarism becomes public, and it is not ignored.
Update 2018-02-10: I have received an e-mail from the Principal of the college indicating that there will be taking actions against Divvela Srinivasa Rao and that the two papers containing plagiarism will be retracted, and that he will inform me of further actions later. I appreciate that the Principal has quickly answered my message. I am looking forward to know what actions will be taken.